The 2005 limited edition Star of Africa Krugerrand commemorates the centenery of one of the greatest events in diamond history which occured when the world's largest diamond was unearthed at Cullinan on Thursday, 26 January 1905. A miner discovered an enormous diamond in the south wall of the open pit only nine meters from the surface. The gem was plucked from the wall by the then mine manager, Frederick Wells. Weighing 3,106 carats in its uncut state, the diamond was the size of a cricket ball. Purchased by the Transvaal Government, it was presented to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday on 9 November, 1907. The King entrusted the cutting of the stone to the famous Asscher's Diamond Co. in Amsterdam. In all, 105 gems were cut: 96 small stones and 9 major stones. The largest of the stones cut from the Cullinan Diamond, the Cullinan 1, also named the "Great Star of Africa", features in the Royal Sceptre with the Cross as part of the British Crown Jewels. The Cullinan II, the "Lesser Star of Africa" is set in the centre front of the Imperial State Crown of Great Britain
The South African Mint minted a total of 266Star of Africa 2005 Krugerrand Launch (mintmark) sets which consist of a 1 ounce Krugerrand which portrays the Star of Africa 100 mintmark, and appears to the right of the Springbok, above the 05 (year) on the obverse of the Krugerrand.
Included in the set are 3 original tokens which were introduced in 1911, and were used by the miners to purchase goods in the compound.
The 2005 Krugerrand Star of Africa centenary Launch (mintmark) sets are presented in a wooden case and accompanied by a numbered certificate of authenticity
|Mass:||33.93 g, 15.00g|
|Metal Content:||Au 916.67 Cu 83.33, Ag 925 Cu 75|
|Reverse Die-sinker:||CL Steynberg, A Minnie|
|Reverse Artist:||none, L Guerra|
|Obverse Die-sinker:||O Schultz, C Moses|
|Obverse Artist:||none, L Guerra|
|Purity:||22ct, Sterling Silver|
|Estimated Market Value: 2009||R25,000|
|Estimated Market Value: 2013||R18,000|
|Estimated Market Value: 2014||R18,000|