The 2005 Protea coin series depicts the honourable Chief Albert John Mvumbi Luthuli, the first South African to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Although christened Albert John he preferred his Zulu name Mvumbi, which means "continuous rain". Chief Luthuli was the leader of millions of black Africans in their non-violent campaign for civil rights in South Africa. He was a man of noble bearing, charitable, intolerant of hatred and adamant in his demands for equality and peace amongst all men.
Supported by a mother who was determined that he got an education, Luthuli completed a teachers' course in 1917. On obtaining a scholarship he completed Higher Teacher's Training Course at Adams College. In order to provide financial support for his mother, he declined a scholarship to the University College at Fort Hare, accepting an appointment at Adams, as one of two Africans to join the staff.
A professional educator for the next fifteen years, Luthuli then, and afterwards, contended that education should be made available to all Africans. In 1928 he became Secretary of the African Teachers' Association and in 1933, its President.
As an advisor to the organised church, he became Chairman of the South African Board of the Congregationalist Church of America, President of the Natal Mission Conference, and an Executive Member of the Christian Council of South Africa.
On 11 December 1961 Luthuli was awarded the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize in Norway, Oslo. Luthuli, wearing a traditional chief's headdress, brought the audience to their feet by singing Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika at the end of his acceptance speech. The next day he delighted students by throwing snowballs at them from the city hall balcony. Frail and failing hearing, Luthuli was killed in his home village, Groutville, by a train which he did not hear. He died on July 21, 1967 at the age of 69.
|Mass:||31.107 g, 3.110 g, 15.00 g|
|Diameter:||32.69mm, 16.50mm, 32.69mm|
|Metal Content:||Au 999.9, Au 999.9, Ag 925 Cu 75|
|Reverse Die-sinker:||N van Niekerk, MJ Scheepers, N van Niekerk|
|Reverse Artist:||N van Niekerk|
|Obverse Die-sinker:||AL Sutherland|
|Obverse Artist:||AL Sutherland|
|Purity:||24 carat Gold|
|Estimated Market Value: 2008||R10,000|
|Estimated Market Value: 2009||R25,000|
|Estimated Market Value: 2013||R26,000|
|Estimated Market Value: 2014||R26,500|